Governments, businesses, and consumers are becoming completely dependent on the Internet for their daily activities related to banking, paying bills, online purchases etc. With this increased use of the Internet, we also find a simultaneous growth in the number of hacking attacks from cybercriminals. Cybercriminals use a wide range of techniques and tools to gain access to the sensitive data that is found online. Very often, they attack websites and network resources with the ultimate aim to extract money or steal assets from organizations.

Hence, to protect your business and yourself against cybercriminals, it is essential for you to be aware of how website hacking techniques work. This article will first explain how databases are hacked by discussing some of the key website database hacking techniques and then talk about how Comodo cWatch will help protect your website database from hacking attacks.

How a Website Database can be Hacked?

Some of the key website database hacking techniques include:

  • Password guessing/brute-forcing

    If passwords are blank or weak they can be easily brute-forced/guessed.

  • Passwords and data sniffed over the network

    Data and passwords can be easily sniffed if encryption is not used.

  • SQL Injection attacks

    There are several different ways to hack databases, and most of these techniques need SQL injection (SQLi), which is a method through which SQL commands are sent back to the database from a web form or other input. SQL allows websites to develop, recover, delete, and update database records. An SQL injection attack places SQL into a web form while trying to get the application to run it. Sometimes, hackers use automated tools to execute SQL injections on remote websites. They scan thousands of websites, testing different types of injection attacks until they are successful.

  • Exploiting unknown/known vulnerabilities

    Attackers are capable of exploiting buffer overflows, SQL Injection, etc. in order to own the database server. The attack could be via a web application by exploiting SQL injection, so no authentication is needed. In this way, databases can be hacked from the Internet and firewalls are completely bypassed. This is considered to be one of the easiest and preferred methods that criminals employ to steal sensitive data such as social security numbers, customer information, credit cards, etc.

  • Installing a rootkit/backdoor

    By installing a rootkit, it is possible to hide database objects and actions so that administrators will not notice that someone has hacked the database and they will continue to have access. A database backdoor can be used to steal data and send it to attackers, giving them unrestricted access.

  • DNS spoofing

    Also known as DNS cache poisoning, this hacking technique is capable of injecting corrupt domain system data into a DNS resolver’s cache in order to redirect where a website’s traffic is sent. It is often used to send traffic from genuine websites to malicious websites containing malware. DNS spoofing can also be used to gather details about the traffic being diverted.

  • Cross-site request forgery

    Cross-site request forgery (CSRF or XSRF) is a common malicious exploit of websites. It happens when unauthorized commands are transmitted from a user that a web application trusts. Usually, users are logged into the website, so they have a higher level of privileges, permitting the hacker to obtain account information, gain access to sensitive information or transfer funds. There are several ways for hackers to transmit forged commands including hidden forms and image tags. The user is just not aware that the command has been sent and the website also believes that the command has come from a genuine user.

  • Denial of Service

    A denial of service (DoS) attack or Distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack floods a website with large volumes of Internet traffic, causing its servers to become overwhelmed and then crash. Most DDoS attacks are executed using computers that have been compromised with malware. Owners of infected computers may not even know that their machine is sending requests for data to your website.

  • Cross Site Scripting (XSS)

    This is another attack often exploited by hackers for website hacking. It is treated to be one of the more difficult vulnerabilities to deal with because of the way it operates. Most XSS website hacking attacks employ malicious Javascript scripts that are embedded in hyperlinks. When the user clicks the link, it could hijack a web session, change the advertisements that are being displayed on a page, steal personal data, or take over a user account. Malicious links are inserted into social media websites, web forums, and other prominent locations where users will click them.

Hack A server

How Comodo cWatch can Protect Your Website Database from Hacking Attacks

cWatch Web, included within the web-based management console, is a web security tool capable of discovering and mapping all devices and web applications on a network, performing a complete scan, with Six-Sigma accuracy, and then prioritizing results of identified vulnerabilities with detailed instructions in order to quickly fix any security threats detected. This tool instantly sends alerts to the Comodo Security Operation Center (CSOC) where a team of certified analysts works round-the-clock in order to deploy updates to the Web Application Firewall (WAF) and eliminate the threat even before it hits the network.

Comodo cWatch Web has been designed to detect malware, provide the methods and tools to remove it, and prevent future malware attacks all included as part of the security bundle. This web security tool allows you to download compliance reports and then submit these reports to bank(s) manually or automatically via the cWatch Web console so that customers can stay compliant with the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS). An intrusion prevention system eliminates application vulnerabilities and protects against advanced attacks.

Comodo cWatch Web is powered by an advanced analytics-driven Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) process that analyzes event data in real time providing security intelligence for early detection of threats and breaches, log management, rapid incident response times, and compliance reporting. The SIEM collects logs and events from network and web assets, databases, security devices, operating systems, applications, and identity and access management products.

When talking about protecting website databases, the Comodo CSOC has certified security analysts responsible for monitoring, assessing and defending websites, databases, applications, servers, networks, desktops, data centers, and other endpoints for customers. Using a modern facility and Comodo cWatch technology, the CSOC detects and analyzes threats and performs the necessary actions to maintain optimal security. The CSOC extends a customer’s internal IT team’s capacity to protect web applications, websites, networks and systems and manage complicated security incident investigations.