Hackers are those who escape security to access unauthorized data. They are mostly highly skilled computer programmers capable of locating security gaps and accessing secure systems through unique analytical skills. Hacker types are described according to intent:

  • Grey hat hackers: These are hackers who carry out illegal hacking activities to display their skills instead of achieving personal gain.

  • Black hat hackers: These hackers illegally break into computers and cause harm by destroying or stealing data. For instance, breaking into a banking system to steal money for personal gain.

  • White hat hackers: These hackers make use of their skills to help enterprises develop robust computer systems.

How Do Hackers Learn

Let’s look at some of the basic skills that every hacker should be aware of before even trying to execute a hack:

  • Networking Skills

    Before becoming a hacker, one will have to understand the basics of networking, such as the following:

    • NAT
    • DHCP
    • Public v Private IP
    • DNS
    • Subnetting
    • IPv4
    • IPv6
    • MAC addressing
    • ARP
    • Routers and switches
    • VLANs
    • OSI model
  • Basic Computer Skills

    It is obvious that to become a hacker you need some basic computer skills. These skills go beyond the potential to develop a Word document or cruise all over the Internet. You should be capable of using the command line in Windows, set up your networking parameters, and edit the registry. Many of these fundamental skills can be attained through a basic computer skills course like A+.

  • Web Applications

    In recent years, web applications are undoubtedly the most productive ground for hackers. Hackers become more and more successful in their attacks when they increase their understanding about how web applications work and the databases behind these applications. Furthermore, a hacker will probably have to build his/her own website for phishing and several other despicable purposes.

  • Learning about Programming

    An individual planning to become a hacker will need to learn about programming, which is considered to be a vital step. A variety of software programs are now available that make hacking easier, however, if you want to know how it is done, you will definitely need to have basic knowledge about programming. This includes PHP, HTML, JavaScript, and several other programming languages.

  • Virtualization

    To become a hacker, you need to become an expert in using a virtualization software package. You will need a safe environment to practice your hacks prior to launching them out in the real world. A virtual environment provides you with a safe environment that is ideal for testing and refining your hacks before going live with them.

  • Security Concepts and Technologies

    A good hacker will be able to understand security concepts and technologies. The only way to overcome the obstructions established by the security admins is to become familiar with them. The hacker must have knowledge about public key infrastructure (PKI), secure sockets layer (SSL), firewalls, intrusion detection system (IDS), etc.

By equipping themselves with the basic knowledge and skills necessary for hacking, hackers now possess the potential to develop sophisticated hacking techniques to destroy your websites and steal all your personal and sensitive data like credit card details, user passwords, confidential business data, etc. To protect your website from hackers you thus need a good web security tool capable of detecting and even preventing hacking attacks through malware etc.

Get Comodo cWatch: Protect Websites from Hackers with a Managed Security Service

Hacked websites and data breaches can damage a company’s customer trust and brand and also the costs associated with losing data and recovering from an attack. You will have to invest in a Managed Security Service (MSS) that has the potential to maximize the value of integration, thus enabling companies to detect issues quicker, lower their operational costs, and strengthen their security position.

One reliable and efficient MSS is Comodo cWatch Web, which is a web application tool perfect for websites and web applications. This web security tool is an excellent hacking prevention solution as it offers the following security features:

  • Malware Monitoring and Remediation

    Detects malware, provides the methods and tools to remove it, and prevents future malware attacks.

  • Cyber Security Operations Center (CSOC)

    A team of always-on certified cybersecurity professionals providing round-the-clock surveillance and remediation services.

  • Web Application Firewall (WAF)

    Powerful, real-time edge protection for websites and web applications providing advanced security, filtering, and intrusion protection

  • Security Information and Event Management (SIEM)

    Advanced intelligence that can leverage current events and data from 85M+ endpoints and 100M+ domains.

  • PCI Scanning

    Enables service providers and merchants to stay in compliance with the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS).

Secure Content Delivery Network (CDN)

A global system of distributed servers to improve the performance of websites and web applications.

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