What is XSS?
August 29, 2021 | By Admin
As shown above, the script is a print out of the latest comment from a comments database. If the page is vulnerable, an attacker could submit a comment that contains a malicious payload such as XSS:
The web page visitor will then get served the following HTML on the page.
As soon as the page loads in the victim's browser, the malicious script will execute. In most cases, the victim is unaware of, and therefore unable to prevent, the attack.
body tag The XSS payload can be placed inside the body tag by using the onload attribute.
iframe tag The iframe tag supports the embedding of another HTML page into the parent page. iFrames provide an effective way to pull off phishing attacks.
link tag The link tag can be infected with scripts because it is often used to link to external style sheets.
table tag The framework trait of the table and cell (td) tags can be used to connect to a script instead of an image.
div tag The div tag can also embed a script.
object tag An external site can use the object tag to include a script.
XSS Types VulnerabilitiesThere are three types of XSS vulnerabilities: Stored XSS, Reflected XSS, and DOM Based XSS. Stored XSS Stored XSS vulnerabilities occur when the malicious payload is saved. Stored cross-site scripting is pretty scary for a couple of reasons: The payload is invisible to browsers' XSS filter, and when users visit the page they accidentally trigger the payload. Reflected XSS The Reflected XSS vulnerability is created when the user input from a URL or POST data is displayed on the page without being stored. This kind of payload is generally caught by built-in browser XSS filters in Chrome, Internet Explorer or Edge. DOM Based XSS The vulnerability occurs in the DOM (document object model) rather than the HTML.
XSS PreventionThe impact of XSS vulnerabilities vary and can include CSRF attacks, session hijacking, tokens and more. By employing an XSS vulnerability, an attacker can trick the user and take control of their account. When the victim has administrative rights, depending on the application and privileges of that account, an attack may even lead to code execution on the server. To steer clear from cross-site scripting vulnerabilities, it is essential to implement context-dependent output encoding. In a few cases, it is sufficient to encode the HTML special characters like the opening and closing tags. In other cases, URL encoding is necessary. Today, web browsers come with a built-in XSS filter, but they cannot track all kinds of cross-site scripting attacks. A browser's XSS filter should be considered just one line of defense to minimize the impact of existing vulnerabilities. Web developers should avoid using blacklists as there are ways to bypass them. They should also avoid the removal of risky functions and characters because the browsers' XSS filters can't recognize the dangerous payloads when the output is tampered with, allowing for possible bypass. Check Website Safety
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