Hacking is an attempt made to gain unauthorized access to or control over a computer, system, network, or web application for some unintended purpose.
Types of Hackers
- Ethical hacker (white hat): Hackers who gain access to systems in order to identify and fix weaknesses. They may also perform penetration testing and vulnerability assessments.
- Cracker (black hat): Hackers who gain unauthorized access to computer systems to steal data, misappropriate funds and assets, etc.
- Hacktivist: Hackers who send ideological (e.g., religious, social, political, etc.) messages. This is mostly done by hijacking websites and leaving a message on the defaced site.
- Phreaker: Hackers who identify and exploit weaknesses in telephones (as opposed to computers).
- Grey hat: Hackers who fall in between the ethical and black hat groups. They break into computer systems without authority in order to detect weaknesses and reveal them to the system owner.
- Script kiddies: Non-skilled individuals who gain access to computer systems using existing tools.
Hackers use a wide range of tools and techniques, including:
- Spoofing attack: This attack uses websites that imitate legitimate sites, tricking users and other programs into trusting them.
- Root kit: A set of programs which provide surreptitious administrator-level access to computers and systems.
- Viruses: Self-replicating programs that spread by inserting copies of themselves into other executable code files or documents.
- Key loggers: Tools designed for recording every keystroke on the affected machine for later retrieval.
- Trojan horse: Functions as a back door in a computer system to permit an intruder to gain access to the system later.
- Vulnerability scanner: Checks computers on networks for known weaknesses.
- Password cracking: Recovers passwords from stored or transmitted data.
- Packet sniffer: Applications capable of capturing data packets to view passwords and data in transit over networks.
With so many different techniques available to hackers, your online safety requires constant vigilance. Of all these approaches, ethical hacking is the only one that is legal. The International Council of E-Commerce Consultants (EC-Council) offers a certification program that tests an individual’s skills. Those who successfully complete the examination are awarded certificates that must be periodically renewed. Ethical hackers must abide by the following rules:
- Obtain written permission from the owner of the computer system and/or network before hacking it.
- Clearly report to the organization all the identified weaknesses found in the computer system.
- Inform software and hardware vendors of identified weaknesses.
- Shield the privacy of the organization been hacked.
Comodo cWatch has a 24x7 cybersecurity operations center to monitor websites, provide malware removal, and help mitigate security incidents. Comodo cWatch scans website to identify and block malware as well as other kinds of attacks like SQL injection, cross-site scripting, DDoS attacks, etc.
Comodo cWatch benefits include:
Website Hack Repair
The website malware removal function eliminates malware and provides an in-depth report on weaknesses to be addressed.
24/7 Cybersecurity Operations Center and SIEM Threat Detection
Certified experts use advanced technology to help you resolve security incidents faster.
Full Blacklist Removal
Helps you remove your website from any blacklists it may be on once the malware is removed.
Managed Web Application Firewall (WAF)
Operates on all web servers and functions like a inspection point to detect and filter out embedded malicious website code.
Real Content Delivery Network
Delivers web content faster by caching it at a global data center.
Blocks hackers from using software vulnerabilities to launch DDoS attacks.
Tracks legitimate website users without subjecting them to page delays or annoying them with CAPTCHA.
Daily Malware and Vulnerability Scan
Monitors for threats and sends a daily report.
Enables your website to perform faster.